Cervical cancer ranks high on the list of common cancers that plague women worldwide; it comes second after breast cancer in prevalence. More than 300,000 women die of cervical cancer every year, worldwide, while in the United States alone, 13,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed every year, with about 4,000 deaths. Most cases of cervical cancer are reported in women between 40 and 55years of age, though it is not unusual for women in their late thirties to be infected.
There are five common types of ovarian cysts. There are the functional cysts which are grouped into the Follicle cyst and the corpus luteum cysts. Both of these functional cysts are the result of the normal functions of the ovary. Treatment for this type includes the method they call ‘watch and wait’. The doctor usually advises the patient to come for a regular check up as the cysts inside the ovary are under observation. If however, the cysts start to grow to about two inches in diameter, a surgery called laparoscopy is employed in order to remove the cyst. As prevention still proves to be better than any known treatment for ovarian cysts, the physician generally recommends the use of birth control pills to decrease the risk of having further appearance of ovarian cysts.
Polycystic ovaries come about when the follicular sacs are no longer being ripped apart to release the eggs. The most popular sign of this type is that of infertility, and if the woman is trying to have her own child doctors generally recommend drug therapy which would induce ovulation, and if by any chance the patient prefers to stay childless and is having irregular periods a drug that restores normal menstrual flow are most commonly advised to be taken.
Pap smears are the only established method for cervical cancer screening. This test involves brushing cells off the surface of the cervix and examining the cells under a microscope for the presence of cancerous or precancerous changes or lesions. Presently, Pap smear is a routine test for women in most developed countries and this has really helped to reduce the number of deaths that are recorded due to cervical cancer. However, some critics have argued that the Pap smear test is not always completely accurate. It is advisable to carry out the test in at least two laboratories, seek at least two professional opinions and then compare, especially if you observe early symptoms of cervical cancer or you believe you are perfectly alright but the test result shows otherwise.
Treatment for ovarian cysts of these types generally involves surgery. The severity of the condition is basically the basis for choosing the type of surgery to be employed. Ovarian cystectomy is focused on the removal of the cyst itself, while partial oophorectomy refers to the elimination of the part of the ovary where the cysts have taken root. The most drastic of measures involves those of salpingo-oophorectomy which takes away the ovary and the fallopian tube and total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy that removes the cysts, ovary, fallopian tube and the uterus to totally rid the body of further harm from this type of cysts
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